This feature requires cwp recipe 1.1.0 or above specifically the textextraction module

By default all CWP environments have text extraction services configured. These services can be used by user code to transform text-based documents (such as PDF, MS Word, or rich text) into plain text in a format which can be readily used as a Solr index data source, or for use by the CWP site itself.

We recommend the use of the following available services:

  • Apache Tika 1.7 server can be accessed at http://localhost:9998 (which is defined by SS_TIKA_ENDPOINT for all environments). This provides the most effective mechanism for indexing multiple documents in quick succession, and supports a wide range of file formats.
  • pdf2text is also available for PDF document extraction if Apache Tika does not provide the required output for these files.

The CWP supported text extraction module is available to provide an interface to these services. In order to add this to a site include the following configuration:

In composer.json:

"require": {
    "silverstripe/textextraction": "^3"

In mysite/_config/search.yml:

Name: mysearchconfig
After: '#cwpsearch'
    class: MySolrSearchIndex

      class: SilverStripe\Assets\File
      includeSubclasses: true

In MySolrSearchIndex.php:


use CWP\Search\CwpSearchIndex;
use SilverStripe\Assets\File;
use SilverStripe\CMS\Model\SiteTree;

class MySolrSearchIndex extends CwpSearchIndex
    public function init()

Ensure that your site's Solr index is configured by running dev/tasks/Solr_Configure and dev/tasks/Solr_Reindex as above. Once indexing has completed, searching using the default search functionality should show all files with content matching the specified search term.

Performance Implications and Limitations

While the size of documents can vary from stack to stack, there are reasonable performance limits of document indexing at various stack sizes.

As a general rule, given that the 100kb limitation for each indexed document is in place, the various maximum number of documents that can be indexed are included in the "max pages in CMS" as per the stack sizes guide. If the number of files and pages exceeds these limitations it is advisable not to include the File type in any Solr index.

Another important consideration is the potential for downtime during indexing of content to affect your website. If indexing a large number of documents it is advisable to upgrade to Medium or Large, as heavily trafficked Small stacks may suffer from performance degradation during background indexing processes. If indexing documents on Small it's advisable to do so outside of normal business hours to ensure website performance is unaffected.

As a general rule, you should allocate approximately 0.5 seconds per document indexed, regardless of stack size. This number may increase or decrease depending on the size and type of each file.

If possible this step should be performed outside of normal busy periods.

Running dev/tasks/Solr_Reindex will invoke the following steps, depending on your version of cwp recipe:

  • A single queuedjob will be added to the queue, and the Solr_Reindex task will immediately exit. If there are existing reindex jobs on the queue, these will be cancelled, and any in-progress tasks will be forced to exit.
  • In the background, a worker process on the environment will invoke this job, which will first clear any obsolete data from the search index (such as those with obsolete class names), and then create several batches of updates, grouped by classname, variant (such as stage or subsite), and batch number. Each of these batches is a queuedjob itself and will appear in the job queue in the cms "jobs" section.
  • As each of these batch jobs is run, first obsolete records that exist in that batch will be cleared from the search index, after which these records will be reindexed. The batching process ensures that any removed records are also incrementally deleted from the index.
  • Once the queue is complete, all indexed files will be committed to the Solr service and search will be available again.

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